Is the tenth month of the Islamic Calendar.
Meaning of the word Shawwaal:- Uplift/breakage. Before Islam, Arabs believed that any marriage held in Shawwaal would always turn out to be unsuccessful. Hence, the month deprived the above metioned meanings, however the superstitious belief was later abolished.
The month Shawwaal:- From the months of Hajj, Shawwaal is the first of them. The first day of Shawwaal is Eid-Ul-Fitr and also the day when sins are forgiven.
Six fasts of Shawwaal:- In the month of Shawwaal it is Sunnah to keep six fasts, as narrated in the following Hadeeth by Abu Ayyub Ansaru (R.A) that the Holy Prophet has said, "If one throughout his life keeps the fasts of Ramadhaan and keeps six consecutive fasts in Shawwaal it will be as though he has kept a whole life time of fasts, and if one keeps the six consecutive fasts for one Shawwaal month it will be as though he has observed fast all year round."
Events which took place in Shawwaal:-
1)Hadhrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah (R.A) was born in Shawwaal four years after Prophethood which is nine years before Hijrah.
2)Hadhrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah (R.A.) was married in this month ten years after Prophethood which is three years before Hijrah.
3)The fight between Banu Qaynaqaa took place between the battle of Badr and Uhud (Shawwaal 2 A.H. after Hijrah)
4)The battle of Uhud also took place in Shawwaal, three years after Hijrah.
5)Hadhrat Hussain (R.A) th e Holy Prophet's grandson (son of Hadhrat Fatima R.A.) was born in the month of Shawwaal four years after Hijrah.
6)The Holy Prophet married Hadhrat Umme Salamah (R.A.) in Shawwaal in the fourth year after Hijrah.
7)Hadhrat Aa'ishah Siddiqah's (R.A) mother passed away in 5 A.H.
8)The Holy Prophet's uncle Abu Talib departed from this world during the middle of Shawwaal in the year 5 A.H.
9)Imam Bukhari (R.A.) was born on a Friday of Shawwaal in the year 194 A.H.
Is the eleventh month of the Islamic Calendar.
Zul-Qa'dah:- Is a month amongst the months of Hajj.
Events taken place during the month of Zul-Qa'dah:-
1)The battle of 'khandaq (trench) or Ahzab' took place in 5 A.H.
2)6 A.H.-Truce of Hudaubiyah
3)6 A.H 'Bay'at-e-Rizwaan' (The oath of allegiance named Rizwaan)
4)The return to Makkah for the performance of Umrah by the Prophet and his Companions in 7 A.H.
Is the last month of the Islamic Calendar.
Meaning of the word Zul-Hijjah:- The month of "Hajj" (Pilgrimage)
About the month of Zul-Kijjah:- The fifth pillar of Islam "Hajj" is performed in this sacred month. The first ten days of Zul-Hijjah are the most virtuous days in this whole month, Hajj is performed amongst these ten days.
Ahadeeth related to Zul-Hijjah:- Hadhrat Abu Haraira (R.A) reports from the Holy Prophet : "Amongst all days there are none better to engage in sole worship of Allah than in the tendays of Zul-Hijjah, To observe a fast on any of these days is equivalent to fasting throughout the year, to actively engage in prayer and worship throughout any of these nights holds such rewarding values levelling with "night of power" (Laylatul-Qadr) "Tirmizi"
It has been stated in the Holy Qur'an, "By the dawn; By the ten nights (ie. the first ten days of the month of Zul-Hijjah), and by the even and the odd (of all the creations of Allah) and by night when it departs. There is indeed in them (the above oaths) suffcient proofs for men of understanding. (and that they should avoid all kinds of sins and disbelief)"
Hadhrat Abi Qataadah (R.A) reports in a part narration from the Holy Prophet cocerning the fast observed on the day of Arafaat: "I have full confidence in Allah for the one who observes a fast on the day of Arafaat that his previous year's sins and the proceeding year's sins are forgiven."
Events of Zul-Hijjah:-
1)The Prophet performed the farewell Hajj and gave the historic sermon known as the "Farewell Sermon"
2)Egypt was conquered by the army sent by Hadhart Umar (R.A.)
3)Uthmaan (R.A.) was appointed the third Caliph
4)Also "Bay'ate-Aqabah" took place
Matrimonies within Zul-Hijjah:- Hadhrat Fatimah (R.A.) was married in this holy month to the fourth Caliph Hadhrat Ali (R.A.)
Deaths in Zul-Hijjah:- Two famous deaths took place in this month:
1)Hadhrat Umar (R.A.) met martydom- 27th of Zul-Hijjah 26 A.H.
2)Hadhrat Uthmaan (R.A) was martyred- 18th Zul-Hijjah 35 A.H.